The Commonwealth of Australia is the world’s sixth-largest country by area, it houses a Liberal Democratic political system that functions as a Federal Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy.
Australia has the world’s 13th-largest economy and holds the ninth-highest place in per capita income.
Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and the Pacific Islands Forum.
The name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis “southern land”, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times.
Colloquial names for Australia include “Oz” and “the Land Down Under” usually shortened to just “Down Under”.
Australian forests are mostly made up of evergreen species, particularly eucalyptus trees in the less arid regions.
Among well-known Australian animals are the kangaroo, koala, and wombat.
The Australian Federal Government is separated into three branches: Legislature , Executive, and Judiciary.
Australia has six states; New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia.
It’s major two mainland territories are: The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and the Northern Territory (NT).
The 2016 Australian census reported that the most reported ancestries in Australia were: English – 36.1%, Australian – 33.5%, Irish – 11.0%, Scottish -9.3%, Chinese -5.6%, Italian – 4.6%, German – 4.5%, Indian – 2.8%, Greek – 1.8%, and Dutch – 1.6%.
Other spoken languages are Mandarin 2.5%, Arabic 1.4%, Cantonese 1.2%, Vietnamese 1.2% and Italian 1.2%. This makes for a large bilingual population.
The Roman Catholic Church continues to be among the largest religious groups in Australia followed by Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism and Judaism.
Australia coffee continues to circle the world, widely used in New York City.
Australia has made a name for itself in sports, it’s no surprise to hear of the medals won by Australia in sports such as Swimming, Surfing, Tennis, Cycling, Basketball, Cricket, Formula 1 Grand Prix, Skiing, Rugby and of course Soccer.
Australia is no stranger to the arts, with a series of soap operas circulating the globe and renown Ballet companies that have captured and warmed the hearts of many.
The Sydney Opera House – is an architectural miracle. Surrounded by the Harbor and the Royal Botanic Gardens, the Opera House is a precious landmark.
Sydney Tower – is the city’s tallest structure, offering 360-degree views of the compact metropolis, harbor and surrounding countryside.
Here are some Australian popular sites you might enjoy:
The Parliament House – the meeting place of the Australian Parliament located in Canberra. It contains 4,700 rooms – many are opened to the public.
Mount Wellington – is located in the southeast coastal region of Tasmania. The mountain rises to 1,271 meters (4,170 ft) and is frequently covered by snow, sometimes even in summer.
Cable Beach – is located in Broome in Western Australia. Cable Beach is famous for its camel rides on the beach. You can cross the sands in a four-wheel-drive vehicle if you prefer.
Fraser Islandflickr – This beautiful island, which is located in Queensland, has a rain forests, sand dunes, freshwater and sand cliffs.
Taronga Zoo – Entrance to the zoo is accessed by short gondola ride. Zoo tickets are available that cover ferry and gondola fares.
Australian National Maritime Museum – Tickets are available that include entrance to the museum as well as tours of several of the vessels moored outside.
The voltage in Australia is 230V 50Hz -Travelers from Asia, Africa and Europe should have appliances that work on the same voltage as Australia.
Japan, USA and Canada appliances use 100/120V 50/60Hz – you will need to purchase a voltage converter.
Have a good time down under, hope to hear about your trip.