The Republic of Austria is a Federal Republic, with a mountainous terrain, within the Alps.
The German name for Austria is Österreich, which means “Eastern Realm”.
German is Austria’s official language, other official languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene.
The Austrian Empire was officially proclaimed in 1804.
In 1867, the empire was reformed into Austria-Hungary.
In 1955, the Austrian State Treaty re-established Austria, as a Sovereign state.
That same year the Austrian Republic – became neutral.
In 1995, Austria joined the European Union, and adopted the euro currency in 1999.
Today, Austria is a Parliamentary Representative Democracy; made of nine federal states.
Vienna is Austria’s capital and – it’s largest city, with a population exceeding 1.7 million inhabitants.
Austria is also one of the richest countries in the world, with a nominal per capita GDP of $43,724.00.
Austria currently produces more than half of its electricity by hydro power, the rest is produced by gas and oil powered plants.
The Austrian Roman Catholic church reports 58% of the population to be Catholic. The rest of the population are registered members of various religious communities – mostly Muslims, due to the influx from Turkey, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo.
There is also a large number of Orthodox Churches in Austria – mainly Serbs, and a growing number of Jehovah’s Witnesses.
And a small percentage of the population is of the Jewish Faith.
Below are some of the top tourist attractions in Austria; that are sure to make your day special.
Hochosterwitz Castle – Hochosterwitz Castle is fairy tale beautiful. An inclined railway brings visitors to the castle. Some say the castle is the inspiration behind – Sleeping Beauty’s Castle.
The historic city of Krems – Krems is a good city to stroll about and visit the castle called Gozzoburg. Krems is where the blue Danube and the Krems river meet. The city of Krems has a reputation for its wine industry, there are with numerous tasting rooms.
Eisriesenwelt Cave – The Eisriesenwelt Caves are a amusement park for nature lovers, highlighting an Ice Cave.
Schloss Mirabell– Schloss Mirabell is a beautiful palace that dates back to early 16th century. It’s structured in marble, stuccoes and has enormous Frescoes on the walls – and a impressive garden.
Melk Abbey – The Melk Abbey is a huge world renowned monastery. situated high on a cliff.
Hohenwerfen Castle – Hohenwerfen Castle overlooks the Salzachtal Valley. The castle is typically medieval with dungeons. The dungeons still contain some of the original instruments of the castle.
There’s No doubt – Austria history is interesting – explore it and the beauty of nature that encompasses it’s land.
Austria is a great place for outdoor activities; and winter sports. Some of the major places in Austria for winter activities and sports include de Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck.
Innsbruck the capital city of Tyrol in Western Austria. The name translates as “Inn bridge”.
Innsbruck is an internationally renowned winter sports center, it hosted the 1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics.
Austria is one of three countries in the world; which have hosted twice the Winter Games.The others are St. Moritz, in Switzerland and Lake Placid, New York in the United States of America.
In 1984 and 1988 Innsbruck hosted the Winter Paralympics.
Innsbruck also is host; to one of the 4 ski-jumping competitions – of the 4 Hills Tournament every year.
Because of it’s location in the mountains, Innsbruck serves as an ideal place for skiing in the winter, ski-jumping and mountaineering in the summer.
There are several ski resorts around Innsbruck, for ski lovers.
You can catch the Nordkette Cable car from central Innsbruck – and enjoy the amazing view.
he base of the cable car is located in the: Old Town Center.
The Nordkette Cable Car has been running since 1928, and has undergone several recent modern makeovers.
The Nordkette Cable Car leaves every 15 minutes, seven days a week. The price varies depending on how high you want to go.
There’s a restaurant and market, both with great views.
Salzburg is a great place to visit in Austria. It’s the birthplace of Mozart, and home of the Salzburg Festival.
The Haus der Natur in Salzburg is a museum, with fascinating aspects of Environmental Nature.
At the entrance you are greeted by a giant dinosaur, as you walk thru the museum – you get the feeling that you are walking thru time – passing millions of years; from the Land of the Dinosaurs – to the – Space Age.
Marvel at animals from around the world at Hellbrunn Zoo it houses over 1200 animals of 140 different species.
The Hellbrunn Estate, has a palace, fountains and a zoo, it was completed in 1619.
The Salzburg Zoo is dedicated to protecting nature, animals and species, it’s committed to keeping the animals in a habitat that is as close to nature as possible.
Don’t forget, in Austria, the electricity power sockets are Type F (round tips plugs) and the standard voltage is 230 V 50 Hz.
Austria is great place to travel to, a small country with alot of things to do.
Have a great time, let me know about your trip.
Haben Sie eine gute Reise!