Brief History of Sweden
Sweden is a great place to travel to, it’s history is full of interesting facts; here are a few of them.
8,000 BC to 6,000 BC
Sweden became populated by people who lived by hunting, farming and fishing, and who used simple stone tools.
The Viking set off from Sweden the Baltic coast and the rivers into Russia. They developed trading links with the Byzantine Empire and the Arab kingdoms.
The crowns of Denmark, Norway and Sweden were united under the rule of the Danish Queen Margareta.
1397 – 1523
The Kalmar Union joined Denmark, Sweden, Finland, Iceland, Greenland, Norway and the Faroes islands under a single monarch.
Gustav II Adolf came to assume great political importance. During his reign Sweden became a leading military power. Gustav II Adolf was killed in 1632 at the Battle of Lützen.
Just before her 6th birthday Kristina succeeded Gustav II Adolf in 1632. She ruled for 22 years.
In 1654 Kristina abdicated converted to Catholicism and moved to Rome, She was succeeded by her cousin – Karl Gustav.
Karl Gustav died in 1660. When Kristina heard about it she returned to Sweden to claim her throne. The Parliament did not accept her claim and she returned to Rome.
During the late 19th centuries 1.3 million Swedish immigrated to America.
Carl Gustaf became King of Sweden on 15th of September 1973, upon the death of his grandfather, Gustaf VI Adolf. Crown Princess Victoria, the eldest child of the King and his wife, Queen Silvia is heir to the throne.
All members of the Royal Family belongs to the Church of Sweden, which is an Evangelical Lutheran Church.
There are over 20,000 Sámi people in Sweden.
The Sámi people were first documented almost 2,000 years ago. The Sámi were recognized by the Riksdag as an indigenous people first in 1977.
The Sámi Parliament was established as both a democratically elected body and a national administrative authority.
A vast majority of them earn their living from reindeer husbandry.
The moderate party won; together with the Center Party, the Liberal party and the Christian Democrats – formed a government coalition headed by Prime Minister Fredrik Reinfeldt.
Places to visit
Stockholm is the capital of Sweden; an old town with modern architecture, includes 14 islands connected by tunnels and bridges. Home of the nation’s capital, this region is known for it’s seaside cities, delightful cobblestone streets, old shops, churches, hotels, restaurants and government buildings.
The west coast is full of rocky islands, pines, forests, fishes, and cottages. The west coast is car free and a great place for boating, fishing, and seal safaris.
beautifully region, with medieval churches, castles, and Renaissance-style villages.
Home of universities, museums, medieval castles, and old streets surrounded by pine forests.
Swedens natural wilderness full of mountains and forests, A great place to go hiking even in the winter.
Historical town great place to learn about Swedish culture and lifestyle.
Hundreds of lakes ranging from the very small to very large.
Midnight Sun Coast
This area is known for the phenomenon that only occurs in Europe’s Arctic Circle between June and July–an uninterrupted 24-hour period of complete sunlight. Great to see from the see.
Viking treasures were discovered there, historical churches and fortresses.
Once serving as the center of Sweden’s shipbuilding industry, today this city’s musical festivals and cultural events draw visitors from all over the world with a youthful and energetic atmosphere.
Europe home of the oldest universities, small town youthful energy with old architecture.
Must see Attractions
You must see the Vasa Museum, Stockholm City Hall, the Royal Palace, The ABBA Museum:, and the amusement park it has over 50 – roller coasters, water rides, and Europe’s tallest freefall attraction, plus a gardens and a sculpture park.
Explore the canals that wind through the capital by boat or on foot either way.
Cuisine of Sweden
Sweden is full of international choices of foods they always include bread, pasta, potatoes, carrots, cabbage, fish, or some other meat.
The larger the city the better the transportation, lots of street taxis, water taxis, ferries, trains, and buses.
There are trains you can take to Germany, Finland, Norway, and Denmark from Stockholm.
Languages of Sweden
The official language of Sweden is Swedish, but many natives speak English as a second language.
Have a good time in Sweden, let me know about your trip…