A Brief History of London
London is a great place to travel to, it’s history is full of interesting facts; here are a few of them:
According to the legendary Historia Regum Britanniae, by Geoffrey of Monmouth, London was founded by Brutus of Troy about 1000–1100 B.C. after he defeated the native giant Gogmagog; the settlement was known as Caer Troia, Troia Nova in Latin it means New Troy.
Britain was divided in two. York became the capital of Britannia Inferior & London of Britannia Superior.
A century later, the Emperor Diocletian reorganized Britain to improve administrative efficiency.
London became the capital of Maxima Caesariensis, one of the four newly created provinces.
It remained the financial center of Britain, and home of the treasury.
Christianity appears to have reached the province at an early date and, only a year after the religion became official London had its own Bishop, Restitutus. Who is known to have attended the Imperial Council of Arles.
In 1097 William Rufus, the son of William the Conqueror began the construction of ‘Westminster Hall’, which became the focus of the Palace of Westminster.
In 1176 construction began of the most famous incarnation of London Bridge (completed in 1209) which was built on the site of several earlier wooden bridges.
This bridge would last for 600 years, and remained the only bridge across the River Thames until 1739.
In 1216 during the First Barons’ War London was occupied by Prince Louis of France, who had been called in by the baronial rebels against King John and was acclaimed as King of England in St Paul’s Cathedral.
Over the following centuries, London would shake off the heavy French cultural and linguistic influence which had been there since the times of the Norman conquest.
The city would figure heavily in the development of Early Modern English.
During the Reformation, more than half of the area of London was the property of monasteries. London was the center of Protestantism in England.
Henry VIII’s “Dissolution of the Monasteries” had a profound effect on the city. Most of the property changed hands.
The process started in the mid 1530s and by 1538 most monastic houses had been abolished.
The late 16th and early 17th century saw the great flourishing of drama in London. A iconic and prominent figure of the time was William Shakespeare.
During Queen Elizabeth I reign, some of her courtiers and wealthier citizens of London built themselves country residences in Middlesex, Essex and Surrey and permanently left the city.
This was an early stirring of the villa movement, which was a taste for residences which were neither of the city or on an agricultural estate, but at the time of Elizabeth’s death in 1603, London was densely populated.
The general meeting-place of the time was the Old St. Paul’s Cathedral. Merchants used to conduct their business in the aisles.
Lawyers received their clients at their particular pillars; and the unemployed went to the church to look for work.
St Paul’s Churchyard became the center of the book trade, while Fleet Street became a center of public entertainment.
Charles I, acceded to the throne in 1625. During his reign, aristocrats began to inhabit the West End in large numbers. On September 2nd of 1666 the Great Fire of London broke out at one o’clock in the morning at a bakery in Pudding Lane.
It was a windy night and the fire spread, for four days all efforts to extinguish it failed. On Thursday it was finally extinguished, but on the evening of that day the flames returned at the Temple. The fire destroyed sixty percent of the City, the Old St Paul’s Cathedral, 87 parish churches, 44 livery company halls and the Royal Exchange.
The number of lives lost was amazingly small; sixteen lives are said to have been lost in the blaze.
The new City was different from the old one. All the houses and structures were made of bricks. Wood houses were no longer allowed.
During the reign of Queen Anne an act was passed authorizing the building of 50 new churches to serve the greatly increased population living outside the boundaries of the City of London.
The 18th century was a period of rapid growth for London, reflecting an increasing national population, the early stirrings of the Industrial Revolution, and London’s role at the centre of the evolving British Empire.
The first railway to be built in London was a line from London Bridge to Greenwich, which opened in 1836.
In the mid-1960s, music was on the rise and the UK was noticed for such musicians as the Beatles and The Rolling Stones.
In the mid 60’s London also became a fashion trend – a household name of youth and fashion around the world.
London’s fame quickly spread when they introduced to the market thin built models in mini skirts and short dresses.
London became the home of models with thin build, androgynous looks, big eyes, long eyelashes, and very short hair – who wore mini skirts. Some with boots. It became a trend.
By 1966, the mini skirt phase put London on top of the Fashion world.
However, celebrations were cut short the following day when the city was rocked by a series of terrorist attacks.
More than 50 were killed and 750 injured in three bombings on London Underground trains and a fourth on a double decker bus near King’s Cross.
As you can see London’s history is not only ancient, but intriguing. A must see place.
When in London purchase the London Pass it provides you with discounts and free entry to over 60 of the very best tourist attractions in London. Plus a free hop-on hop-off bus tour.
There is also the London Pass for public transportation.
Some of the top attractions in London are the London Tower, Westminster Abbey, Windsor Castle, Kensington Palace, Tower of London and it’s always delightful take a boat cruise in the Thames River.
Make sure to check that your devices are compatible with the 220v voltage of London.
In order to use electronics from the United States in England, as well as most other countries outside of the American continent, you need a voltage converter and a plug adapter, unless you have dual-voltage electronics.
England is a country that uses 220v. If your visiting other countries in Europe as well they mostly uses 220v; as well.
NEW YORK – LONDON FLIGHT FROM $729 ROUND TRIP
Great Places to Visit in London
Buckingham Palace Tour – usually a 2.5-hour visit to Buckingham Palace to see the changing of the Guard Ceremony. Then, enjoy the State Rooms of Buckingham Palace.
Warner Bros. Studio Tour London – See the sets, costumes, and props used in all the Harry Potter films.
The Coca-Cola London Eye is a major feature of London’s skyline. It boasts some of London’s best views from its 32 capsules, each weighing 10 tonnes and holding up to 25 people. Climb aboard for a breathtaking experience, with an unforgettable perspective of more than 55 of London’s most famous landmarks – all in just 30 minutes!
Madame Tussaud Museum – See world’s most famous faces up-close from Shakespeare to recent artist.
London’s Hop on Hop Off Bus – It’s best to buy a 24 hour ticket and enjoy the freedom to hop on and off the sightseeing buses and explore some of London’s most famous places, without having to rush to do it all in one day.
Visit the Tower of London, Buckingham Palace, Westminster Abbey, one day and St Paul’s Cathedral and Trafalgar Square the next day – plus all the stops you can make at restaurants, rivers, canals, parks and shopping streets.
The Tower of London, is one of the world’s most famous buildings, its 900-year interesting history as a royal palace, prison and place of execution, arsenal, jewel house and zoo.
There is a 90 minute tour thru London’s dark past that is believed to knock your socks off.
The Sea Life London Aquarium houses over 400 species such as sharks, stingrays, moray eels, clown fish, and green turtles.
Getting around London on the River Boats are popular with visitors and commuters alike, it’s a great way of beating the traffic and just sitting back to enjoy the view.
There is a large selection of these boat tours, some include, dinning, music, and dancing.
Among the canals a must see is the Grand Union Canal The single longest canal in Britain, the Grand Union links London and Birmingham.
The River Thames London’s is a wonder ful place to see – runs almost 350km (220 miles) from source to sea. It has an amazing history and offers countless places to just sit and relax. It’s a leisure opportunity.
As you well know; there is so much more to see in London. I just hope you enjoyed the brief history offered here. I too like to know a litle bit about the places I visit. Enjoy the videos and use the links to book your trip. Below is one for an electricity adaptar in case you need one.
London has great hotels, motels, car rentals and restaurants.
Don’t forget to try the local cuisine, and take lots of photos.
Hope you share your experience with us!
Have a great time!