Puerto Rico Travel

Brief History of Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico is a great place to travel to,  it’s  history is full of interesting facts; here are a few of them:
The Commonwealth of Puerto Rico (Estado Libre Asociado de Puerto Rico) is an unincorporated territory of the United States, located in the Caribbean.

It consists of the main island Puerto Rico, and three small islands which are the Isla de Mona, Culebra, and Vieques.
History books tell of an Ortoiroid people who were displaced by the Saladoid’s, a culture from the same region that arrived on the island some time around 250 BC.

The Taíno culture developed on the island between the 7th and 11th century. By 1000 AD, it had become the dominant race.
By 1493, when Columbus arrived, the island was populated by an estimated 30,000 to 60,000 Amerindians Tainos, led by the cacique chief Agüeybaná.

The Tainos called the island Boriken, which means “The great land of the valiant and noble Lord”.

Christopher Columbus claimed the island, for the Crown of Castile in Spain.

For four centuries after that the island was transformed into a colony of Spain.

This changed the islands ethnic, cultural and physical landscapes. Some of which is still evident in Old San Juan.

During this era the island’s population grew with Africans, Canarians, and Andalusian settlers from Spain.

Hundreds also arrived in Puerto Rico, Corsica, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy and Scotland.

As the population grew they immigrated to the islands of Vieques and Culebra.

In 1898, following the Spanish–American War, the United States of America appropriated Puerto Rico together with most former Spanish colonies under the terms of the Treaty of Paris.

The Spanish vocabulary of Puerto Rico has words that differentiate them from the Spanish spoken in other Caribbean islands.
It’s similar to the Castilian dialect from Spain, with some Taino words in it.

Mainly in the context of vegetation, natural phenomenas or musical instruments.

They also use some words that are similar to words used in the West African languages, chiefly in the contexts of music dances.

For the last century the culture in Puerto Rico is Americanized which has led to the increment of the use of Spanglish.

Spanglish are english-spanish words. Many of which now grace the pages of dictionaries.

Since the occupation of Spain, the Roman Catholic faith is the dominant religion in the island. Every town has a catholic church in it’s town center, usually close to the Town Hall.

Other christians faith have grown in the island are the Pentecosts, Jehovah’s Witnesses, the Adventist and Mormon’s faith, and a few Jewish Synagogues.

It is now the dominant religion in Puerto Rico. All municipalities in Puerto Rico have at least one Catholic Church, usually located in the center of the town, close to the Town Hall.

The largest and oldest Public University is the public Universidad de Puerto Rico (Puerto Rico University), it has 11 large campuses.

You must have a B average (3.0 GPA) or higher or to get in, and you must maintain it in order to graduate.

The quality of the education it offers has been compared to Princeton, and Harvard.

It has a four (4) schools of Science and Medicine, and three (3) – ABA-approved Law Schools.

Some of the islands most brilliant minds, prominent senators, scientists, and scholars are graduates of the University of Puerto Rico.

The University of Puerto Rico has helped restore the islands faith in public education.

Puerto Rico also is one of the few countries in the world to have 5 Miss Universe title winners.

Must see places in Puerto Rico
El Yunque National Forest, Old San Juan, Castillo San Felipe del Morro, Castillo San Cristobal, La Fortaleza, Museo de Arte de Ponce, Culebra, Vieques, Isla de Mona, Condado Beach, Arecibo Observatory, Cayo Icacos, Cuevas de Camuy.

El Yunque Rain Forest
Hike through El Yunque Rain Forest and discover a true green paradise. La Coca Falls has an impressive natural water fall.

Culebra Island
Flamenco Beach, Zoni Beach and El Polvorín are three of the must see beaches in Culebra especially for those who like to swim, dive or snorkel in a clear water – white – sand beach.

Culebra is a great place to do some beach hopping, snorkeling, kayaking, fishing, and even surfing.

You can also hike and do some interesting like bird watching. There are tons of different birds and parrots. Some are huge.

Most people in Culebra park the car and walk everywhere.

Or you can just go there to get away from the city life, connect with nature and relax.

The Island Vieques
Vieques is an island to simply relax. There are no casinos, no golf courses, no strip malls no major shopping centers, like there are in the main island.

Vieques is a getaway. What is there? A low tide beach, great food, and a relaxing  atmosphere.

There is a bay that glows in the dark, the other is in Lares.

At night the sky lights up over Vieques – since the island is small the street lights do not dominate the space. The stars dominate the space. There are a few more than the city light allows you to see. I would say, a few hundred more.

Arecibo Observatory
The Arecibo Observatory is a radio telescope in the municipality of Arecibo.

The radio telescope terrestrial aeronomy experiments include the Coqui II experiment, supported by NASA. The telescope has military intelligence.

The Arecibo Observatory telescope is said to be the largest on the planet. See the video.

The city of Old San Juan
The first thing that you will notice about old San Juan is that it has been preserved. It houses, buildings, streets and forts that date back several hundred of years.

Old San Juan has the largest harbor in the region, and is the  the capital of Puerto Rico.

Take a boat trip around San Juan then walk thru the city. It’s a wonderful way to start a day.




By the water front, you will see the Condado (Tourist Area), the Fort San Cristobal, it’s the largest fort built by Spain in the New World.

North you will observe, the Capitol Building – it’s made of marble. Similar in shape as the one in Washington, D.C.

Across the bay you will see the Bacardi Distillery in the (islet) Isla de Cabras with its Fort, San Juan De La Cruz. They have daily tours.

In old San Juan you will also see the – Paseo de La Princesa (full of street vendors), the Roots Fountain, The Governors Mansion (San Catalina Castle) and Fort San Felipe Del Morro – which dates back several hundred years.

Camuy River Cave Park
Once you arrive at the Camuy River Cave Park, you will board a trolley to descend about 200 feet (60 m) underground to an million year old cave, where you will walk through Cueva Clara. It has a limestone floor. And a gothic looking ceiling.

The cave is said to have been used by the Taíno Indians.

For such a small island Puerto Rico has a huge history, one of the great things about Puerto Rico is being able to hop on a cruise boat and sail away.

Puerto Rico Cruises
Have a good time in Puerto Rico, whether you get there by plane or cruise ship – you’ll be amazed.

Don’t forget o let me know about your trip.

Buen Viaje!

Saint Maarten Travel

Sint Maarten is an island in the Caribbean. It is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Sint Maarten’s capital is called Philipsburg.

The island is divided into two parts the French side and the Dutch side.

This came about in the 1600’s:
In 1631, the Dutch founded Fort Amsterdam in Saint Maarten as protection from invaders.

Meanwhile, the French wanted to colonize the islands between Trinidad and Bermuda.

Threre after the Dutch West India Company began its salt mining operations in the island.




The Spanish wanted to control the salt trade and attacked the island, taking St. Martin from the Dutch in 1633.

Fifteen years after the Spanish conquered the island, the Eighty Years’ War ended. The Spanish deserted the island in 1648.

Saint Maarten freedom was welcomed news to the Dutch and the French, they reestablished their settlements.

Alot of the Dutch came from St. Eustatius. The French from St. Kitts, while the French came from St. Kitts.

In 1648 the Dutch and the French signed the Treaty of Concordia dividing the island in two, but this did not put an end to the conflict between them because the borders kept moving.

Between 1648 and 1816, the border moved 16 times.

During those years the Dutch and the French cultivated cotton, tobacco and sugar. As their harvest grew their need for man power grew.

They began to import slaves – so many that they became a populous race in the island, and their demands and rebellions against harsh treatment were hard to ignore.

In 1848, the French government abolished slavery, including in St. Martin. The slaves on the Dutch side then protested and it was said that they began to flee to the French side were they would be given asylum.

The local Dutch authorities then emancipated their slaves, this was seen as a sign of good will.

In the 1950’s the Dutch side of the island began to focus on tourism, the French side following suit two decades later.

Making Princess Juliana International Airport one of the busiest in the Eastern Caribbean.

During the era of growth the islands population grew from a 5,000 people to around 60,000 people by the mid 1990’s.

On the 10th of October of 2010, Sint Maarten became a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, making it a constitutional equal partner with Aruba, Curacao, and the Netherlands proper.

The Courthouse in Philipsburg is one of the symbols of Sint Maarten.

The Constitution of Sint Maarten was unanimously adopted by the island council of Sint Maarten on 21 July 2010.

Eugene Holiday was appointed as the first Governor of Sint Maarten by the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in September 2010.

He assumed office on 10 October 2010.

During the past few years Saint Maarten has put it’s name on the map because of the large amount of ships that docks in it’s port, from different parts of the world.

There is no doubt that Saint Maarten is a small island with a interesting history that keeps growing. Saint Maarten is known for it’s many beautiful beaches.

Chief among them are the ones where many cruise boats that visit the island daily park. There is one in the capital.

While packing remember that Electrical sockets in Sint Maarten (St. Martin) usually supply electricity at between 220 and 240 volts AC. Take an adapter if needed.

Have a good time in the island, it does not matter how you get there plane or ship you will have a great time.

Palma de Mallorca, Spain

Palma often called Palma de Mallorca, is the capital and largest city of the Balearic Islands of Spain. Located on the south coast of Majorca on the Bay of Palma.

Catalan is the local language spoken in Palma, Spanish is widely used.

The islands beauty and pleasant all year round climate has made Palma a huge tourist attraction; making the island alot wealthier than other regions of Spain.

Its airport, Palma de Mallorca Airport – Son Sant Joan Aeroport, receives more than 26 million people each year.

Palma is also known for it’s agricultural exports mainly almonds, oranges, lemons and olives.

The island also has copper mines and marble.

The city has several communities including Establishments; Nord, Son Espanyol, Ces Cases Noves, and Sa Creu Vermella.

The city borders the Serra de Tramuntana, the island’s major mountain range and a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The transportation network of Palma is called Plaça d’Espanya. Intermodal provides buses and trains.

Palma is famous for La Seu, a huge cathedral originally built on a mosque from 1229 to 1601. The history behind the reasons that the construction took so long; is worth taking a tour of the church. It was restored in 1901.

Old Palma is behind the cathedral. It consists of a network of paths and streets designed by the Arab past of the island.

The Old City is also home to the Town Hall, the Convent of the Cathedral and the Banys Àrabs.

European style football – soccer – is the most popular sport on the island, led by the Segunda Division team Real Mallorca.




Palma’s sea location, makes it – an ideal place for sea sports. Road cycling is very popular in Majorca.

The city is also home to the Palma Arena. The Palma Arena is a multi sport pavilion.

The UNESCO listed Serra de Tramuntana – cliff jumping – is a great experience for height lovers in the heart of the mountains.

It involves leaping off cliffs and ledges into natural cool pools of water, then just flowing down stream. Instructors are present.

Bellver Castle, is a Gothic style castle from the 14th-century, it’s unique among Spanish castles. It has one of the best views of Palma.

Bellver means – lovely view – in Catalan.

For many centuries the castle was used as a prison. Nowadays it stores Palma’s municipal history, which traces the development of the island, it’s artifacts, and potteries from the islands Talaiotic, Roman, and Arab era.

There is no doubt that Palma de Mallorca; is a wonderful place to travel to, especially if you like walking, bike riding or just sitting back and enjoying a guided tour, let me know how your trip went.

Bon Viatge!

Siegburg Travel

Siegburg is a wonderful small city located on the banks of the rivers Sieg and Agger; in the district of Rhein-Sieg-Kreis, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany.

Siegburg sits on the base of a mountain.

Siegburg is one of the few cities in the world that has converted – most – if not all of it’s street lights; to energy efficient – LED – bulbs. Reducing the use and cost of energy tremendously in Siegburg.

In 1816 Siegburg became the county seat of the Rhein-Sieg-Kreis.

Some of Siegburg most interesting sites in Siegburg are:

Holzgasse – The Holzgasse is a long cobblestone paved street full of shops and restaurants.

Abtei Michaelsberg – The Abtei Michaelsberg is the former residence of the Benedictine Monks; who produced a liquor called Siegburger Abtei-Likör and a beer called Michel.

Medieval Christmas Markett – Siegburg is known for it’s medieval Christmas market. The market features Medieval tents, full of the era’s artifacts and medieval music. A variety of wines are served – this includes honey wines and some of the era’s most tasteful breads. It’s a great place to step back in time.
Siegburg Museum – The Siegburg museum features the history of Siegburg from prehistoric times until the Federal Republic. The museum has a medieval cellar vault; conserved from 1826.




Oktopus Siegburg – The Oktopus Siegburg is a great place to go to if you like deep sea diving – here you can do it indoors. It’s one of the deepest indoor diving centers of Europe. The tower has a depth of 20 meters and a diameter of 10 to 18 meters.

Cineplex Siegburg – The Cineplex Is the biggest cinema in Siegburg; it shows the latest movies. It consists of: 2 small – cozy movie theaters, 4 medium size – movie halls, and one huge movie theater – that can house 500 people.

Michealsberg Abbey – Is a former monastery of the Benedictine Order, founded in 1064 by the Archbishop of Cologne, the monastery is dedicated to the Archangel Michael.

During the 14th century, the abbey was said to be directly subject to the Holy Roman Emperor. This led to a war, with the town of Siegburg.

In 1676, the abbey became the subject of local territorial power.

During the period of the Thirty Years’ War, the abbey became – a center of literary and musical studies.

There is no doubt that Siegburg is a great place to travel to; a small town with a huge history and great restaurants.

When you visit, check your electrical items – the voltage in Germany is 230 V 50 Hz, adapter C / F.

Let me know about your trip to Siegburg, did you dive? How deep did you go – was it cold outside when you did it?

Auf Wiedersehen!

Austria Travel

The Republic of Austria is a Federal Republic, with a mountainous terrain, within the Alps.

The German name for Austria is Österreich, which means “Eastern Realm”.

German is Austria’s official language, other official languages are Hungarian, Burgenland Croatian, and Slovene.

The Austrian Empire was officially proclaimed in 1804.

In 1867, the empire was reformed into Austria-Hungary.

In 1955, the Austrian State Treaty re-established Austria, as a Sovereign state.

That same year the Austrian Republic – became neutral.

In 1995, Austria joined the European Union, and adopted the euro currency in 1999.

Today, Austria is a Parliamentary Representative Democracy; made of nine federal states.

Vienna is Austria’s capital and – it’s largest city, with a population exceeding 1.7 million inhabitants.

Austria is also one of the richest countries in the world, with a nominal per capita GDP of $43,724.00.

Austria currently produces more than half of its electricity by hydro power, the rest is produced by gas and oil powered plants.

The Austrian Roman Catholic church reports 58% of the population to be Catholic. The rest of the population are registered members of various religious communities – mostly Muslims, due to the influx from Turkey, Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo.

There is also a large number of Orthodox Churches in Austria – mainly Serbs, and a growing number of Jehovah’s Witnesses.

And a small percentage of the population is of the Jewish Faith.

Below are some of the top tourist attractions in Austria; that are sure to make your day special.

Hochosterwitz Castle – Hochosterwitz Castle is fairy tale beautiful. An inclined railway brings visitors to the castle. Some say the castle is the inspiration behind – Sleeping Beauty’s Castle.

The historic city of Krems – Krems is a good city to stroll about and visit the castle called Gozzoburg. Krems is where the blue Danube and the Krems river meet. The city of Krems has a reputation for its wine industry, there are with numerous tasting rooms.

Eisriesenwelt Cave – The Eisriesenwelt Caves are a amusement park for nature lovers, highlighting an Ice Cave.

Schloss Mirabell– Schloss Mirabell is a beautiful palace that dates back to early 16th century. It’s structured in marble, stuccoes and has enormous Frescoes on the walls – and a impressive garden.

Melk Abbey – The Melk Abbey is a huge world renowned monastery. situated high on a cliff.

Hohenwerfen Castle – Hohenwerfen Castle overlooks the Salzachtal Valley. The castle is typically medieval with dungeons. The dungeons still contain some of the original instruments of the castle.

There’s No doubt – Austria history is interesting – explore it and the beauty of nature that encompasses it’s land.

Austria is a great place for outdoor activities; and winter sports. Some of the major places in Austria for winter activities and sports include de Graz, Linz, Salzburg and Innsbruck.

Innsbruck the capital city of Tyrol in Western Austria. The name translates as “Inn bridge”.

Innsbruck is an internationally renowned winter sports center, it hosted the 1964 and 1976 Winter Olympics.

Austria is one of three countries in the world; which have hosted twice the Winter Games.The others are St. Moritz, in Switzerland and Lake Placid, New York in the United States of America.

In 1984 and 1988 Innsbruck hosted the Winter Paralympics.

Innsbruck also is host; to one of the 4 ski-jumping competitions – of the 4 Hills Tournament every year.

Because of it’s location in the mountains, Innsbruck serves as an ideal place for skiing in the winter, ski-jumping and mountaineering in the summer.

There are several ski resorts around Innsbruck, for ski lovers.

You can catch the Nordkette Cable car from central Innsbruck – and enjoy the amazing view.

he base of the cable car is located in the: Old Town Center.

The Nordkette Cable Car has been running since 1928, and has undergone several recent modern makeovers.

The Nordkette Cable Car leaves every 15 minutes, seven days a week. The price varies depending on how high you want to go.

There’s a restaurant and market, both with great views.

Salzburg is a great place to visit in Austria. It’s the birthplace of Mozart, and home of the Salzburg Festival.

The Haus der Natur in Salzburg is a museum, with fascinating aspects of Environmental Nature.

At the entrance you are greeted by a giant dinosaur, as you walk thru the museum – you get the feeling that you are walking thru time – passing millions of years; from the Land of the Dinosaurs – to the – Space Age.

Marvel at animals from around the world at Hellbrunn Zoo it houses over 1200 animals of 140 different species.

The Hellbrunn Estate, has a palace, fountains and a zoo, it was completed in 1619.

The Salzburg Zoo is dedicated to protecting nature, animals and species, it’s committed to keeping the animals in a habitat that is as close to nature as possible.

Some of Salzburg most impressive features are it lakes, castles, and museums.

Salzsbur is world known for it’s magnificent architecture.

Don’t forget, in Austria, the electricity power sockets are Type F (round tips plugs) and the standard voltage is 230 V 50 Hz.

Austria is great place to travel to, a small country with alot of things to do.

Have a great time, let me know about your trip.

Haben Sie eine gute Reise!

Australia Travel

The Commonwealth of Australia is the world’s sixth-largest country by area, it houses a Liberal Democratic political system that functions as a Federal Parliamentary Constitutional Monarchy.

Australia has the world’s 13th-largest economy and holds the ninth-highest place in per capita income.

Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, and the Pacific Islands Forum.

The name Australia is derived from the Latin Terra Australis “southern land”, a name used for a hypothetical continent in the Southern Hemisphere since ancient times.

Colloquial names for Australia include “Oz” and “the Land Down Under” usually shortened to just “Down Under”.
Australian forests are mostly made up of evergreen species, particularly eucalyptus trees in the less arid regions.

Among well-known Australian animals are the kangaroo, koala, and wombat.

The Australian Federal Government is separated into three branches: Legislature , Executive, and Judiciary.

Australia has six states; New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria and Western Australia.

It’s major two mainland territories are: The Australian Capital Territory (ACT) and the Northern Territory (NT).
The 2016 Australian census reported that the most reported ancestries in Australia were: English – 36.1%, Australian – 33.5%, Irish – 11.0%, Scottish -9.3%, Chinese -5.6%, Italian – 4.6%, German – 4.5%, Indian – 2.8%, Greek – 1.8%, and Dutch – 1.6%.

Canberra is Australia’s Capital:

English is the general spoken language in Australia –  spoken by 72.7% of the population according to the Australian Census Department.

Other spoken languages are Mandarin 2.5%, Arabic 1.4%, Cantonese 1.2%, Vietnamese 1.2% and Italian 1.2%. This makes for a large bilingual population.

The Roman Catholic Church continues to be among the largest religious groups in Australia followed by Islam, Buddhism, Hinduism and Judaism.

Australia coffee continues to circle the world, widely used in New York City.

Australia has made a name for itself in sports, it’s no surprise to hear of the medals won by Australia in sports such as Swimming, Surfing, Tennis, Cycling, Basketball, Cricket, Formula 1 Grand Prix, Skiing, Rugby and of course Soccer.

Sydney is Australias largest urban area.

Australia is no stranger to the arts, with a series of soap operas circulating the globe and renown Ballet companies that have captured and warmed the hearts of many.

The Sydney Opera House – is an architectural miracle. Surrounded by the Harbor and the Royal Botanic Gardens, the Opera House is a precious landmark.

Sydney Tower – is the city’s tallest structure, offering 360-degree views of the compact metropolis, harbor and surrounding countryside.

Here are some Australian popular sites you might enjoy:

The Parliament House – the meeting place of the Australian Parliament located in Canberra. It contains 4,700 rooms – many are opened to the public.

Mount Wellington – is located in the southeast coastal region of Tasmania. The mountain rises to 1,271 meters (4,170 ft) and is frequently covered by snow, sometimes even in summer.

Cable Beach – is located in Broome in Western Australia. Cable Beach is famous for its camel rides on the beach. You can cross the sands in a four-wheel-drive vehicle if you prefer.

Fraser Islandflickr – This beautiful island, which is located in Queensland, has a rain forests, sand dunes, freshwater and sand cliffs.

Taronga Zoo – Entrance to the zoo is accessed by short gondola ride. Zoo tickets are available that cover ferry and gondola fares.

Australian National Maritime Museum – Tickets are available that include entrance to the museum as well as tours of several of the vessels moored outside.

Kakadu National Park – is the country’s largest national park, includes a large concentration of Aboriginal rock art; some are over 20,000 years old. Bird watchers frequent this park.

The voltage in Australia is 230V 50Hz -Travelers from Asia, Africa and Europe should have appliances that work on the same voltage as Australia.

Japan, USA and Canada appliances use 100/120V 50/60Hz – you will need to purchase a voltage converter.

Have a good time down under, hope to hear about your trip.

Israel Travel

Israel is a democratic country with a parliamentary system. The prime minister is head of government and the Knesset.

The Knesset is the name for the Israeli Parliament or Legislature.

Israel is a developed country and a OECD member.

In 2016, Israel was said to be the worlds 34th-largest economy.

The Israeli Central Bureau of Statistics, estimated that the population of Israel was close to 8,709,680.

Hebrew is not the only language spoken in Israel. Arabic is also an official language, and there are a number of other semi-official languages.

In Israel you will notice that virtually all official signs are in Hebrew, Arabic and English.

Israel is the world’s only Jewish-majority state, two thirds of the population is Jewish.

The other third is made up of Arabs, Arameans, Armenians, Assyrians, Black Hebrew Israelites, Circassians, Maronites and Samaritans.

In its Basic Laws, Israel defines itself as a Jewish Democratic State.

The country benefits from a highly skilled workforce and is among the most educated countries in the world.

Israel has a very high percentage of citizens with a high education degree.

The country also has the highest standard of living in the Middle East, and has one of the highest life expectancy in the world.

Israel is a beautiful small country with a interesting history, and advanced Agro Technologies.

Israel’s economy and technological center is Tel Aviv, while its seat of government and proclaimed capital is Jerusalem.

Tel Aviv

Tel Aviv is a major transportation city, with a huge international airport.

The public transportation system in Tel Aviv has many routes; to almost anywhere in the country.

Tel Aviv is governed by a 31-member city council; elected for a five-year term.

Tel Aviv is a cultural center with 544 active synagogues, historic buildings, countless performing art centers, theaters, and Opera Houses.

Tel Aviv is divided into nine districts.

In 1965 The Shalom Meir Tower, Israel’s first skyscraper, was built in Tel Aviv.

Tel Aviv is a center of finance and technology in Israel.

Jerusalem

Jerusalem is a city with a strong religious background, since medieval times.

Host to 1204 Synagogues, 158 Churches, and 73 Mosques.

In Islam, Jerusalem is said to be a sacred city – some 1400 years now. Jerusalem is believed to be a holy city in Islam, primarily due to Muhammad’s Night of Ascension.

The Muslims believe Muhammad was transported one night from Mecca to the Temple Mount in Jerusalem. From there he ascended to Heaven to meet with the previous prophets of Islam.

In Christianity, Jerusalem is said to be a sacred city – some 2000 years now.

In Judaism, Jerusalem is said to be sacred city – some 3000 years now.

Jerusalem is well known for its Old Testament history.

The story of Jesus in The New testament also made reference to Jerusalem.

Although Jerusalem is known primarily for its religious significance, the city is also home to many artistic and cultural venues.

The Dead Sea scrolls, discovered in the mid-20th century in the Qumran Caves near the Dead Sea, are housed in the Museum’s Shrine of the Book.

Jerusalem is home to many archaeological important findings.

Some of Jerusalem most interesting sites are:

The Museum on the Seam – explores issues of coexistence through art.
The Jerusalem Symphony Orchestra – established in the 1940s.
The International Convention Center – near the entrance to city.
The Jerusalem Cinemateque – in downtown Jerusalem.
The Jerusalem Music Center – in Yemin Moshe.
The Israel Festival – Indoor and outdoor performances singers, concerts, plays, and street theater.
The Jerusalem Theater – Hosts to more than 150 concerts a year, as well as theater and dance companies and performing artists from overseas.
The Khan Theater – The city’s only repertoire theater.

Israeli Beaches

There are 137 beaches in Israel. Mostly of which have crystal clear blue and turquoise waters and natural undisturbed coastlines.

Besides their natural beauty what makes these beaches interesting is that they are composed of diverse bodies of waters.

The four bodies of water are The Mediterranean, The Red Sea, The Dead Sea, and The Kinneret.

Here are some Israeli Beach recommendations:

Gordon Beach: Free clean beach in Tel Aviv near Hotels. Has places to dine or drink; shower and bathroom facilities.

Dor Nasholim Beach – Beautiful white sandy beaches with crystal clear blue waters in the ancient Phoenician city of Dor.




Habonim Beach – This beach is part of a nature reserve. A rocky beach perfect for swimming with young children.

You can also hike along it’s coastline and discover it’s caves.

Clean showers, dressing rooms, and bathrooms are available. There are also snack bars, and a picnicking area with tables.

Carmel Beach – Carmel beach has a boardwalk with numerous cafes, restaurants, and juice stands as well as bathroom and shower facilities.

Southern Beach – Entrance is free.

Ein Gev Resort Village Beach: Great for water sports, has slides and pools. They have lifeguard services, showers, restrooms, restaurant, camping area with barbecue stands.

Ein Gedi Beach – Located on the shores of the Dead Sea well known the amazing healing properties of the region.

The beach is connected to a man made spa. You can hike from the beach to the spa, or take a free tram ride to it.

It’s hard to sink in the Dead Sea, most people just float.

Ein Gedi Beach – Great place to see Dolphins in their natural habitat.

Coral Beach Nature Reserve – Clear water with an underwater coral reef. Good for snorkeling, and scuba diving. A great place to enjoy coral reefs and beautiful fishes.

Israel rich history makes it a great place to take a tour. You can choose from what type of tour you want, whether is a cultural tour, or religious tours.

Israel also is the winner of the Eurovision 2018 Song Festival, which means Israel will be hosting this most prestigious contest in 2019. Let’s see the glorious moment in the following You tube video:

Wow, what an exciting moment that was. It’s needless to say, Israel is an experience in itself.

Israel is also known for it’s fine hotels and restaurant meals.

Electricity in Israel is 230 Volts, alternating at 50 cycles per second.
If you travel to Israel with a device that does not accept 230 Volts at 50 Hertz, you will need a voltage converter.

Book now and have the time of your life, let me know about your trip.

Texas Travel

 

On December 29, 1845 Texas became the 28th state of the United States of America.

Nicknamed The Lone Star State to signify its former status as an independent republic, Texas is the second largest state of the United States.

The lone star can be found on the Texas state flag.

Raising cattle was a large industry in Texas. Texas image is readily compared to that of cowboys.

Alot of U.S oil was discovered in Texas. In the year 2015 with 54 companies to it’s credit Texas held the second spot on the list of the states with the most Fortune 500 companies.

The 54 companies include such fields as aerospace, agriculture, biochemical sciences, computers, electronics and petroleum among others.

Austin is the Capital of Texas.

English is the spoken language of Texas. Most people would agree that Texans have a distinct accent different from other americans. Spanish is spoken by a large group of Texans.

Some of Texas most talked about places are:

The Alamo
The alamo is a white stone chapel were the Battle of the Alamo took place. The siege of the Alamo took place from February 23 to March 6, 1836.

In December 1835, during Texas war for independence from Mexico, Texan soldiers occupied the Alamo.

That February 23, 1836 thousands of Mexicans soldiers led by General Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna sieged the fort.

Heavily outnumbered, the 200 Texan soldiers defending the Alamo bravely endured for 13 days before the Mexican overpowered them.

For Texans the Battle of the Alamo is a symbol of heroic resistance to oppression.

The Texans won their struggle for independence later that year.

Dallas World Aquarium – This aquarium has and protects alot of endangered species.

Fort Worth Stockyards – This National Historic District consists of some original brick walkways, corrals, and livestock.

There are shops and restaurants, and a live cattle drive at twice a day.

Forth Worth Zoo – Founded in 1909 has over 7,000 animals from around the world, some of which you can pet – at their Petting Corral.

Houston, Texas is home to Space Center Houston an exciting place to see the future and remarkable past of America’s space flight history.

Padre Island National Sea Shore – This untouched 70 mile stretch coastline is a paradise for windsurfers, and bird watchers.

The park contains dunes, prairies, and tide pools that house some marine life.

San Antonio River Park – The San Antonio River park has river boats for hire. or you can just lay back and enjoy one of the cruise boat tours down the river.

Museums, parks and restaurants are just some of the sites that await you along the way.

Texas State Capitol – The Texas State Capitol grounds are open to the public. On the grounds, there memoirs of the heroes of Texas’s history.

The Texas State Capitol was completed in 1888. It consists of the offices and chambers of the Texas Legislature and the Office of the Governor.

The building was added to the National Register of Historic Places in 1970 and recognized as a National Historic Landmark in 1986.

The Texas State Capitol is 302.64 feet tall, making it the sixth tallest state capitol.

On March 2nd, of 1885 the day of the Texas Independence Day the cornerstone for the building was laid, it opened to the public on April 21, 1888, Saint Jacinto Day.

Sundance Square – Sundance Square consists of thirty-five blocks of shops, galleries, restaurants, and nightlife.

Fort Worth Botanic Gardens – The Fort Worth Botanic Gardens consist of fourteen botanical gardens, the Native Texas Boardwalk, a Rain Forest cConservatory, and a compost outpost.

Fort Worth Water Gardens – The Fort Worth Water Gardens are 4.3 acres where people will see a variaty of pools. You can hear the sound of water running thought the garden.

San Antonio
San Antonio is the second-most populous city in the state of Texas, with a population of 1,469,845.

San Antonio was named after Saint Anthony of Padua, known for his undying love and devotion to the poor and the sick.

Some of the notable attractions of San Antonio include Six Flags Fiesta Texas and Morgan’s Wonderland amusement parks.

San Antonio is also the home to the five-time NBA champions the San Antonio Spurs.

San Antonio is also the hosts the annual San Antonio Stock Show & Rodeo, one of the largest such events in the country.

There is no doubt that Texas is not only large, but a place with countless activities and history.

Texas has great hotels, motels, car rentals and restaurants.

Let me know about your trip.

Boston, Massachusetts Travel

Boston, city is the capital of Massachusetts. It’s a great place to go to if you like the sea. The puritans settled in Boston in the 1600’s.

Boston has been defined and shaped by its history for nearly 400 years. On the 16th of December of 1773.

The Boston Tea Party became a significant event in the growth of the American Revolution.

The American Revolutionary War began near Boston in 1775.

Between 1800 and 1900 Boston changed from a relatively simple and ethnically English ancestry city to a ethnically diverse city.

Boston has a population of more than 560,000 people; many of which are Italian, Irish, and Jews.

Between 1940 and 1960, many African Americans migrated from the southern states and occupied portions of Roxbury and Dorchester.

From the 1940’s through the 1970’s many Puerto Ricans arrived in Boston.

Fen way Park is located in Boston, home of the Boston red Socks.

Boston is also know for it’s prestigious universities,  Harvard University is known for helping to shape some of the greatest minds of the country.

There are 34 small islands that border the coast of Boston, thirteen of the islands are included in the Boston Harbor Islands National Recreation Area.

Some of the most impressive sights are Fort Warren on Georges Island.

There is a public beach on Spectacle Island. The countries oldest light house is in Georges islands.

There are also trails, dunes and forests. there is also a beach and camping area at Lovells Island.

Massachusetts has alot of great beaches to choose from, there’s one for every taste, here are a few of them:

Nantucket – Madaket Beach
Madaket beach is famous for it’s sunsets.

Nantucket – Cisco Beach
Cisco Beach is a surfing paradise. There is no public transportation to this beach. Once there you can surf or take advantage of one of the surfing classes, and start riding the waves in no time.

Province town – Race Point Beach
Beautiful beach with calm waves, The sand is lighter than the others. Great for photos. Good if you have small children.

East-ham – Coast Guard Beach
It’s been called one of the top ten cleanest beaches in the country. Lots of salt marshes providing a flash look at nature. Great source of salt. Let’s keep it clean and protected.

Wellfleet – Cahoon Hollow
Cahoon Hollow Beach has great high sand cliffs beach with breathtaking views.

Martha’s Vineyard -Katama Beach
Deep blue ocean crashing with strong waves – good for surfing.

Martha’s Vineyard – Menemsha Beach
Menemsha beach is a calm wave beach – great for families with small children.

It’s also a great place to go to get fried clams, steamed lobsters, or just plain fresh sea food. Menemsha is the serene choice of the busy Vineyard beaches.

It’s great to stroll down the cliff into the sea, it’s like those cliffs you see on those great black and white films.

Have lunch on top of the cliff, some tours include it.

Boston is also known for it’s state houses, among which are the homes of Samuel Adams, and Paul Reeve.




 

There are also trails, dunes and forests. there is also a beach and camping area at Lovells Island.

Berthed at Pier 1 on the Harbor-walk, the USS Constitution is the world’s oldest commissioned navel vessel afloat, and still sets sail every Fourth of July to commemorate America’s independence.

Completed in 1826, the Quincy market is well known for its architectural style as it is for the food that offered inside its more than 20 restaurants and 40 stalls.

The market is known as a family-friendly spot where tourists and locals can grab a quick bite on the cheap.

Another of Bostons attractions is the  New England Aquarium it embodies a large exhibit of sea life, exotic jellyfishes, stingrays, seals and penguins.

In sum Boston is the place to visit, I hope you enjoy your visit and let me know about the places you visited.

Boston has great hotels, motels, car rentals and restaurants.

Have a great time ……

Portugal Travel





Portugal is a southern European country bordering Spain. Its location on the Atlantic Ocean has influenced it's tourist attraction - to the beaches, this in turn has played a role in their diet; salty cod fish and grilled sardines are national dishes.

Portuguese is the spoken language, which is related to Galician language, spoken in northwestern Spain.

The kingdom of Portugal lasted some 800 years, from 1139 to 1910.

The Anglo-Portuguese Alliance, signed in 1373, is the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force.

Since 1910, the country has been a republic.

The modern democratic republic was founded in 1976.

The first Pirate code was invented in the 17th century by the Portuguese buccaneer Bartolomeu Português.

The modern Portuguese legal system has been influenced primarily by German law.

Due to the influence of Roman Catholicism, Portugal is one of the most socially conservative countries in Europe.

Portugal is the only country in the EU, along with Spain, where life imprisonment has been abolished.

The Vasco da Gama Bridge in Lisbon is the longest bridge in Europe with 17,185 m/56,381 feet.

From imposing São Jorge Castle, the view encompasses the old city’s pastel-colored buildings, Tagus Estuary and Ponte 25 de Abril suspension bridge. Nearby, the National Azulejo Museum displays 5 centuries of decorative ceramic tiles.

Just outside Lisbon is a string of Atlantic beaches, from Cascais to Estoril.

The Jeronimos Monastery was built in 1502 by order of King Manuel I. It was built to commemorate Vasco Da Gama’s voyage and to give thanks to the Virgin Mary for its success.

Great figures in Portuguese history are also entombed here, like King Manuel and King Sebastião, and poets Fernando Pessoa and Alexandre Herculano.

Jeronimos Monastery Cloisters was populated by monks of the Order of Saint Jerome , whose spiritual job was to give guidance to sailors and pray for the king’s soul.

UNESCO has classified it a World Heritage monument. This style of architecture became known as Manueline, a style of art that served to glorify the great discoveries of the age.

Each column is carved with coils of rope, sea monsters, coral, and other sea motifs. It portraits an era of sea exploration and the Biblical story of Joseph.

The Tower of Belém is typical of the Manueline style of architecture. The four-story tower was created in the shape of a ship’s bow jutting into the water.

The main side of the fortress faces the sea and is completely different from the side impression of the tower. Built from ivory-white limestone, the real beauty of the structure lies in the decoration of the exterior.

The Pena National Palace was built in the 19th century by Atlantic Ocean , the palace was meant to be a summer home for the Portuguese royals.

Ferdinand’s taste was imposed on the builders and designers, the result was a Palace that looks like it has a little of all the other palaces of the era.

One portion caters to a medieval European castle, a portion of it is modeled after an Islamic tower dome. It’s full of colors – there is a purple wing, a red clock tower, a lots of yellow ornaments.

King Ferdinand said he wanted the palace to look like an opera.

It is now seen as one of the grandest examples of Romantic architecture.

Lisbon is Portugal’s hilly, coastal capital city.

Porto’s Church
The Sao Francisco Church looks like an ordinary 14th century Gothic and Baroque construction.
There is a museum housed in the catacombs below consisting of artifacts from the former monastery.

Praça do Comércio is a large square on the banks of the River Tagus in Lisbon. It was built on the site previously occupied by the Palace Yard following its destruction in the 1755 earthquake. Lisboetas often still use the previous name for the square.

Along with the Arco da Rua Augusta at its northern end, the Praça do Comércio is one of the centerpieces of the redevelopment of the Portuguese capital by the Marquis of Pombal in the mid-18th century.

The U-shaped square, open at the Tagus end, was designed by Portuguese architect, Eugénio dos Santos.

Discover the best of Portugal’s capital on this hop-on, hop-off bus tour of Lisbon. Choose from four different routes, all offering opportunities to see the city’s monuments and explore its charming neighborhoods. An option line to Cascais allows you to explore the magic of that town as well. Tickets can be purchased for 24- or 48- hours.

 

Hop on a double-decker bus at the Lisbon Terminal in Marquês de Pombal Square. Settle in and cruise through Lisbon on one of four different but equally engaging sightseeing lines, including lines to Belém, Oriente, Castle or the charming beach town of Cascais.

Sunbathe on one of the many sandy beaches along the Cascais Line. Catch the best coastline views before settling onto a beach to unwind.

On the western side of the square is the main Lisbon Tourist Office (Turismo) with a stylish shop selling upmarket craft items from all over Portugal.

On this side of the square is the HQ of Viniportugal, which promotes Portuguese wine. There are tastings Monday through Saturday.

The world-famous Porto wine is a sweet Portuguese fortified wine from the Douro Valley, Portugal.
Over half of the world’s cork is produced in Portugal.

Salvador Vilar Braamcamp Sobral is a Portuguese singer and a former psychology student. He represented Portugal in
the Eurovision Song Contest this past May and gave Portugal its first win since their debut in 1964. Below is a video of the winning song for your enjoyment.

Portugal has great hotels, motels, car rentals, tours and restaurants.

Have a great time in Portugal, let me know all about your trip.