Sint Maarten is an island in the Caribbean. It is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Sint Maarten’s capital is called Philipsburg.
The island is divided into two parts the French side and the Dutch side.
This came about in the 1600’s:
In 1631, the Dutch founded Fort Amsterdam in Saint Maarten as protection from invaders.
Meanwhile, the French wanted to colonize the islands between Trinidad and Bermuda.
Threre after the Dutch West India Company began its salt mining operations in the island.
The Spanish wanted to control the salt trade and attacked the island, taking St. Martin from the Dutch in 1633.
Fifteen years after the Spanish conquered the island, the Eighty Years’ War ended. The Spanish deserted the island in 1648.
Saint Maarten freedom was welcomed news to the Dutch and the French, they reestablished their settlements.
Alot of the Dutch came from St. Eustatius. The French from St. Kitts, while the French came from St. Kitts.
In 1648 the Dutch and the French signed the Treaty of Concordia dividing the island in two, but this did not put an end to the conflict between them because the borders kept moving.
Between 1648 and 1816, the border moved 16 times.
During those years the Dutch and the French cultivated cotton, tobacco and sugar. As their harvest grew their need for man power grew.
They began to import slaves – so many that they became a populous race in the island, and their demands and rebellions against harsh treatment were hard to ignore.
In 1848, the French government abolished slavery, including in St. Martin. The slaves on the Dutch side then protested and it was said that they began to flee to the French side were they would be given asylum.
The local Dutch authorities then emancipated their slaves, this was seen as a sign of good will.
In the 1950’s the Dutch side of the island began to focus on tourism, the French side following suit two decades later.
Making Princess Juliana International Airport one of the busiest in the Eastern Caribbean.
During the era of growth the islands population grew from a 5,000 people to around 60,000 people by the mid 1990’s.
On the 10th of October of 2010, Sint Maarten became a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, making it a constitutional equal partner with Aruba, Curacao, and the Netherlands proper.
The Constitution of Sint Maarten was unanimously adopted by the island council of Sint Maarten on 21 July 2010.
Eugene Holiday was appointed as the first Governor of Sint Maarten by the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in September 2010.
He assumed office on 10 October 2010.
During the past few years Saint Maarten has put it’s name on the map because of the large amount of ships that docks in it’s port, from different parts of the world.
There is no doubt that Saint Maarten is a small island with a interesting history that keeps growing. Saint Maarten is known for it’s many beautiful beaches.
While packing remember that Electrical sockets in Sint Maarten (St. Martin) usually supply electricity at between 220 and 240 volts AC. Take an adapter if needed.
Have a good time in the island, it does not matter how you get there plane or ship you will have a great time.