Saint Maarten Travel

Sint Maarten is an island in the Caribbean. It is a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Sint Maarten’s capital is called Philipsburg.

The island is divided into two parts the French side and the Dutch side.

This came about in the 1600’s:
In 1631, the Dutch founded Fort Amsterdam in Saint Maarten as protection from invaders.

Meanwhile, the French wanted to colonize the islands between Trinidad and Bermuda.

Threre after the Dutch West India Company began its salt mining operations in the island.

The Spanish wanted to control the salt trade and attacked the island, taking St. Martin from the Dutch in 1633.

Fifteen years after the Spanish conquered the island, the Eighty Years’ War ended. The Spanish deserted the island in 1648.

Saint Maarten freedom was welcomed news to the Dutch and the French, they reestablished their settlements.

Alot of the Dutch came from St. Eustatius. The French from St. Kitts, while the French came from St. Kitts.

In 1648 the Dutch and the French signed the Treaty of Concordia dividing the island in two, but this did not put an end to the conflict between them because the borders kept moving.

Between 1648 and 1816, the border moved 16 times.

During those years the Dutch and the French cultivated cotton, tobacco and sugar. As their harvest grew their need for man power grew.

They began to import slaves – so many that they became a populous race in the island, and their demands and rebellions against harsh treatment were hard to ignore.

In 1848, the French government abolished slavery, including in St. Martin. The slaves on the Dutch side then protested and it was said that they began to flee to the French side were they would be given asylum.

The local Dutch authorities then emancipated their slaves, this was seen as a sign of good will.

In the 1950’s the Dutch side of the island began to focus on tourism, the French side following suit two decades later.

Making Princess Juliana International Airport one of the busiest in the Eastern Caribbean.

During the era of growth the islands population grew from a 5,000 people to around 60,000 people by the mid 1990’s.

On the 10th of October of 2010, Sint Maarten became a constituent country within the Kingdom of the Netherlands, making it a constitutional equal partner with Aruba, Curacao, and the Netherlands proper.

The Courthouse in Philipsburg is one of the symbols of Sint Maarten.

The Constitution of Sint Maarten was unanimously adopted by the island council of Sint Maarten on 21 July 2010.

Eugene Holiday was appointed as the first Governor of Sint Maarten by the Council of Ministers of the Kingdom of the Netherlands in September 2010.

He assumed office on 10 October 2010.

During the past few years Saint Maarten has put it’s name on the map because of the large amount of ships that docks in it’s port, from different parts of the world.

There is no doubt that Saint Maarten is a small island with a interesting history that keeps growing. Saint Maarten is known for it’s many beautiful beaches.

Chief among them are the ones where many cruise boats that visit the island daily park. There is one in the capital.

While packing remember that Electrical sockets in Sint Maarten (St. Martin) usually supply electricity at between 220 and 240 volts AC. Take an adapter if needed.

Have a good time in the island, it does not matter how you get there plane or ship you will have a great time.

Basel, Switzerland Travel

Switzerland is a mountainous Central European country, home to numerous lakes, villages and the high peaks of the Alps.

Known for its ski resorts and hiking trails.

Banking and finance are key industries in Switzerland.

And of course Swiss watches and Chocolate are world renowned.

The Official languages are: French, German, Romansh, and Italian.

Basel is one of Switzerland’s most interesting cities.

Basel lies roughly between the Rhine river and the old city gate at Spalentor.

Basel is not a large city but it has a great charm that makes you want to stay in it’s antique stone streets forever.

Basel introduce a modern and whimsical fountain by Swiss sculptor Jean Tinguely.

It’s located in the middle of historic houses; it’s an ingenious water-spouting sculpture made of scrap metal.

In the winter, it freezes into ingenious looking ice sculptures.

An old paper mill has been turned into a museum of writing, printing, and paper.

The printing and papermaking processes are shown with actual working machinery.

You can watch the laborious production of handmade paper.

Basel is also home to a large zoo, affectionately known as the Zolli by locals.

Founded in 1874 with 510 animals; predators, primates, mammals, reptiles, birds, and aquatic life.

The lion, penguins and exotic birds, seem to be favorites.

The zoo has been particularly successful in breeding rhinoceros and cheetahs.

Basel has great hotels, motels, car rentals, tours, cruises and restaurants.

Basel is also a great place to take a boat trip.

Luxembourg Travel

Luxembourg is bordered by Belgium, Germany and France. Luxembourg is split into two regions Eisleck in the North and Gutland in the south.
Eisleck is a region of hills, valleys and forests. Gutland is the urban region where 85% of the population live.

Luxembourg is a trilingual country – they speak German, French and Luxembourgish.

As a representative democracy with a constitutional monarch, it is headed by a Grand Duke, Henri Albert Gabriel Felix Marie Guillaume. Henri, and is the world’s only remaining grand duchy. Luxembourg is a developed country, with an advanced economy. Luxembourg is also one of the richest and smallest sovereign states in Europe, in 2012 Luxembourg had a population of 524,853

Luxembourg is a founding member of the European Union, OECD, United Nations, NATO, and Benelux.

In 2016 Luxembourgish citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 172 countries and territories, ranking the Luxembourgian passport 6th in the world, tied with countries such as Canada and Switzerland.

The Notre-Dame is the only cathedral of Luxembourg City. It’s a Roman Catholic Church, originally Jesuit. It’s cornerstone was laid in 1613. The church has a gothic architecture with Renaissance adornments.

Late in the 18th century, the church received the image of Maria Consolatrix Afflictorum, the patron saint of Luxembourg.

The cemetery of the cathedral is the National Monument to the Resistance and to the Deportation. The centerpiece of the monument is the famous bronze monument by the 20th century Luxembourgish sculptor Lucien Wercollier called The Political Prisoner.

Luxembourg National Museum of History and Art has a large archaeological collection, they house objects discovered during excavations like: sarcophaguses, tools, coins, jewels, and grave markers. The most outstanding objects being found in the excavations at Dalheim and Titelberg.

The museum has a wide range of Luxembourgish paintings dating back to the 18th century. You can enjoy paintings by Joseph Kutter, Dominique Lang, Eugène Mousset, Jean-Pierre Beckius, Nico Klopp and Auguste Trémont as well as sculptures by Auguste Trémont and Lucien Wercollier.

The museum also houses a collection of contemporary art.

The Groussherzogleche Palais, is a palace in Luxembourg City, it’s the official residence of the Grand Duke of Luxembourg, and where he performs most of his duties as head of state of the Grand Duchy.

Under the supervision of Charlotte, Grand Duchess the palace was redecorated during the 1960s. Charlotte reign as Grand Duchess of Luxembourg from 1919 to 1964.

It was thoroughly restored between 1991 and 1996. The interior of the Palace has been regularly renovated to match modern tastes and standards of comfort.

The Palace today is the official residence of the Grand Duke, and is used by him to exercise his official functions. He and the Grand Duchess, together with their staff, have their offices at the palace, and the state rooms on the first floor are used for a variety of meetings and audiences.

On Christmas Eve, the Grand Duke’s Christmas message is broadcast from the Yellow Room.

Luxembourg is a small country with a huge history, a great country to travel to, it’s small town atmosphere makes a great country to visit when you want to tour and rest on your vacation.

You deserve a rest, go ahead and see Luxembourg. Let me know how your trip went.

Did you see Vianden?

Luxembourg has 100 castles and fortresses – 75 of them date back to the middle ages. Most are open to the public.